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What Is the Difference between Teacher and Lecturer?

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    You might be asking yourself this question, what is the difference between a teacher and a lecturer? Well, for starters, these two professions are not the same. A teacher teaches students in one-on-one or group settings, emphasising developing knowledge and skills that they will need to succeed after graduation.  On the other hand, a lecturer typically lectures to their audience without directly interacting with them. 

    The main responsibility of a professor is to share information about their expertise while teaching at colleges or universities. These professionals have different styles when it comes to educating others, but both play important roles in shaping students’ futures by providing them with the knowledge and skills needed for success upon completing school. 

    A lot of people are unsure about the difference between a teacher and a lecturer. Teachers usually teach individual students in their classrooms, while lecturers generally teach large groups of students in lecture halls or auditoriums. In addition to teaching, teachers often grade papers and assign homework for their students, while lecturers focus more on giving lectures rather than grading assignments. 

    So which one is better? Lectures have been shown to be better at conveying information because they can reach a larger audience with ease. The downside is that lectures can sometimes lack engagement from the audience members since there's no interaction with the lecturer or other attendees. 

    It is not uncommon for people to confuse teachers and lecturers. The main difference between the two professions are that teachers are primarily educators who work with students in an academic setting, whereas lecturers are experts in a specific subject matter who lecture on the topic at various events. However, if someone wants to become a lecturer, they can take classes just like any other degree program. So, what do you think? What is the difference between teacher and lecturer?

    Difference Between Teacher and Lecturer

    The main aim of both teaching and lecturing is to educate students; therefore, both teachers and lecturers play a key role in education. Although these two professions are somewhat similar, there are some distinct differences between teacher and lecturer. The main difference between teacher and lecturer is that teachers teach at schools whereas lecturers work at universities.

    Who is a Teacher

    A teacher is a person who teaches something to students. In general usage, the term teacher is often associated with schools and colleges. That is, a teacher is a person who educates children in a school. However, the profession of teaching mostly deals with primary and secondary education. So, a teacher usually teaches students who are aged from 5 to 16.

    A teacher, sometimes called a school teacher or an educator, is a person who helps others acquire knowledge, values and competencies, whether formally or informally.

    Teaching qualifications usually involve a teaching certification or qualification from a college or university.  Sometimes, a bachelor’s degree in a related subject is accepted as a qualification. For example, a high school teacher typically teaches only one subject, whereas primary teachers deal with a variety of subjects.

    Informally, a teacher is anybody outside the formal education environment, school who helps another learn. This person could be a relation, neighbour or friend. Most times, they are the families of the student.

    Formally, teachers are paid professionals that work in a school; they are usually called “school teachers”. In this article, the teachers we are going to focus on are the school teachers.

    A teacher is a person who educates students in a school. This deals with primary and secondary education. Hence, a teacher usually teaches students who are aged from 4 – 18.  To teach, teachers need a teaching certification or qualification from a college or university. A Bachelors degree in the related subject also counts as a qualification.

    Also, a teacher must be a good listener, as to teach, you must first listen; listen to the needs of the student, listen and notice the way of learning of the child and choose a teaching method and pace that would be efficient and useful in imparting knowledge to the students. Teachers play a crucial role in shaping the lives of young people. Teachers act as role models, mentors, advisers and caregivers. Basically, teachers impart knowledge to their students to help them learn new things about a specific group of subjects.

    What really differentiate a teacher’s job from that of a lecturer are their duties. A teacher’s job doesn’t only involve teaching. A teacher has several responsibilities and duties. Teachers are also responsible for facilitating learning, mentoring and instructing, and interacting with students. Since teachers deal with younger students -compared to those of a lecturer – they should be very careful and attentive when interacting with them. This is because a teacher can influence a student’s life for good or bad.

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    A teacher is a key educator in a child's life, particularly at the secondary level. They teach teenage students within a set subject area, such as English, math, or science. However, some other important parts of a teacher's daily requirements are preparing for their lessons, grading papers, and conducting after-school activities and preparations. 

    Teachers' working days can start early, even before the school starts, and end late, even after the school day has already finished. They are expected to be knowledgeable in their subject area and have an interest in inspiring children. Teachers will usually need a bachelor's degree and license to teach in a state school.

    Job responsibilities of a Teacher include

    • Support students that may be struggling or require special assistance
    • Ensure that students are equipped to take standardized tests
    • Support the school with administrative procedures
    • Liaise with parents with regards to students' progression

    Roles And Responsibilities Of A Teacher

    The roles of teachers are expansive. Teachers are no longer seen as mere classroom educators that just teach core subjects to a classroom full of students and go home for the day, they work across a variety of subjects which they may bring to life with the assistance of modern technologies. A teacher shapes the life chances of young people by imparting knowledge and bringing the curriculum to life. Teachers impart knowledge, safeguard the welfare of the children, inspire critical thinking, thoughts, and moral values.

    The duties of a teacher include:

    • Teaching students in accordance with the curriculum
    • Planning, preparing and delivering lessons within the required time.
    • Building an all-around student by inculcating the importance of extra-curricular activities.
    • Supporting the school leadership team and making plans as to ensuring a high level of production amongst the students.
    • Assessing, documenting, and reporting the behaviour of students.
    • Providing educational and social guidance to students.
    • Becoming a mentor and providing mentorship for students in need of guidance.
    • Ensuring the standard and quality of education received is the highest possible education a student could be given.
    • Taking part in opportunities to boost their (teacher) own learning and continuous professional development.
    • Attending and taking part of meetings to support the smooth running of the school.
    • Collaborating with parents, guardians, support workers, caregivers, and other professionals to safeguard and ensure the educational welfare of statement students who may have special educational needs.
    • Contacting the parents of students regarding their progress. Where the students are not doing well as they should, they should seek a change of environment or tactics on the part of the parents and remove any hindrances to the child’s development.

    Some necessary skills to become a teacher include: 

    • Strong written and verbal communication skills.
    • Strong knowledge of the subject being taught.
    • Organizational skills and the ability to juggle many simultaneous projects and administrative tasks.
    • Numerical and literacy skills.
    • Emotional intelligence and resilience.
    • The ability to interpret the behaviour of children and judge when something may be wrong or when they require extra help.

    Who is a Lecturer

    The lecturer is an academic who is at the early stages of his career. Lecturer works at colleges or universities. The duties of a lecturer also include teaching as well as researching. Unlike a teacher’s, lecturer’s students are mostly adults. Therefore, the students can modify their behaviour, take responsibility and find extra resources, etc.

    To become a lecturer, one needs postgraduate qualifications as well as research experience. This is because lecturers are involved in tertiary education.

    A lecturer is a person holding an open-ended, tenure-track or tenured position at a university. In some countries, the term describes any academic expert without tenure who may be hired full-time or part-time. The title typically requires a doctorate or an equivalent degree. Lecturers are subject experts employed by universities and higher education establishment duties within a specialist area.

    They create the course material, lesson plans, and curricula, conduct research and fieldwork, engage with students, assist with processing applications, attending interviews, conferences, and meetings. Lecturers work long hours, including evenings and weekends, because of publishing research work and general commitment to the job.

    Lecturers work within postsecondary establishments like colleges and universities to educate students at the bachelor's and master's degree levels. They teach a specific subject based on their experience and academic background. 

    Lecturers are usually expected to be educated up to the master's level as a minimum, however significant work experience can often be sufficient in some fields, such as in the arts or education. Their working hours can vary based on their work load, however, some lecturers may work outside of the education industry and hold a second job. In some universities, lecturers can progress in their careers to the senior or master lecturer level.

    Job responsibilities of a lecturer include:

    • Advise students on their coursework and guide them in subject progression
    • Conduct research into their subject area and publish academic materials
    • Work with the educational institution on administrative matters
    • Collaborate with other lecturers and/or professors in revising and updating curriculum content

    The job of a lecturer should contain a variety of functions and roles, including:

    • Preparing and delivering lectures, workshops, tutorials and seminars.
    • Developing curricula and course material that can be used across a number of platforms.
    • Participating in training opportunities and initiatives at the institution.
    • Providing support to students and other colleagues, especially to students in need of mentors.
    • Staying current by reading widely and producing published work in the field, This is in order to have the capacity to teach the students based on the evolving matters of society and provide up to date information to the students.
    • Setting, reading and grading assignments, tests and exams.
    • Conducting research, and writing papers, proposals, journal articles, and books.
    • Attending and participating in meetings, conferences, and other events in and outside of the institution.
    • Skills and qualifications necessary for being a lecturer include:
    • An M.sc or Ph.D. in the relevant discipline.
    • Previous teaching experience.
    • Published work would be an added advantage.
    • Strong interpersonal, presentation and written and verbal communication skills.
    • Flexibility, resilience, and willingness to work long hours without grudge as the understanding of the courses by the students are of utmost priority.

    Differences Between A Teacher And A Lecturer

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    • Place of work: a teacher works at primary and secondary schools, whereas a lecturer works at universities and higher learning institutes.
    • Students: Teachers teach children who are likely to fall between the ages of 4 – 18, while lecturers teach adults or students who have finished cum graduated from high school.
    • Research: Research is not a primary role of a teacher, but it happens to be a basic duty for a lecturer, as the teacher basically teaches mostly professional courses, courses that impact on the society at large.
    • Educational qualifications: An education certification or a bachelor’s degree is sufficient to qualify as a teacher. However, for lecturers, it is necessary to have post-graduate qualifications and research experience.
    • Type of education: teachers are involved in primary and secondary education, while lecturers are involved in tertiary educations.
    • Salary: A teacher is usually paid lower than is paid in most occupations. Hence the saying, “teaching is not a job you do for the money”. This is the general rule, and it applies to both teachers and lecturers. However, in relation to lecturers, teachers are often paid way lower than lecturers. This is, of course depends on the community, environment and the type of school.
    • A teacher is responsible for the primary education of an individual. When the primary education ends, a lecturer becomes responsible for educating the individual at a tertiary institution.

    What’s The Difference Between A Lecture And A Tutorial

    Wondering about the difference between a lecture and a tutorial? We know uni-speak can seem like its own language sometimes. So, we’re about to break down the difference between a lecture and a tutorial for you. 

    First Up, What’s A Lecture?

    To understand the difference between a lecture and a tutorial, let’s first look at lectures. A lecture is a formal teaching session usually presented in a large theatre on campus. It will be given by the academic staff member who has developed or is responsible for the subject.

    You’ll generally have one lecture a week for each of your subjects. The lecturer will teach a different topic each week. Some subjects might have two lectures each week. Lectures are scheduled for either one or two hours. The lecturer will present, and you’ll listen, learn and take notes on the content delivered.

    Most lecturers will use a PowerPoint presentation on the large screens in our lecture rooms. Where a subject is run on more than one campus, the lecture may be video-conferenced across campuses.

    Generally, lectures are recorded, although this is at the discretion of your lecturer. If a lecture is recorded, you’ll have the option to stream (watch and listen to the content online) or download to listen to later.

    Up to 200 students may attend a lecture, so there will be a minimal group discussion. Some lecturers might invite questions – but wait for the invitation as lectures are usually more a ‘listen and learn time’, with questions reserved for tutorials.

    So, What’s A Tutorial?

    Besides the lecture, the content for each subject is also taught in a tutorial. A ‘tute’ is a smaller class of about 15–20 students, usually scheduled after the lecture. Your tutor may be your lecturer or another academic staff member.

    The purpose of the tutorial is to discuss and interact on the topic with your classmates, guided by the tutor.

    The tutorial has the important function of discussion time so you can get familiar with the ideas and use the language of the subject. It will often involve exercises and different activities to apply the concepts in the lecture.

    Each tutorial will usually be two hours. Some lecturers combine a one-hour lecture followed by a two-hour tutorial. The tutorial could also be a practical – called a lab prac or simply, ‘prac’.

    Before your tutorial, you should go over your lecture notes and any prescribed reading. Make sure you look up the meaning of any words that are new to you. That way, you’ll be ready to discuss issues related to the topic. During the tutorial, you can ask questions about anything you didn’t understand. The tutorial is also a great place to clarify what is expected in upcoming assessments.

    A lecturer is a teacher at a university or college.

    The lecturer is the title of a teacher who has just started to teach at college and university level in undergraduate courses. These can teach part-time or full-time in colleges and universities. Lecturers are teachers who also assist research students in their endeavors and do not have tenures.

    No, it is not possible to become a Professor without a PhD degree. as per UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION February, 2018.

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